Bror Emil Hildebrand, Anglosachsiska mynt i Svenska kongl. myntkabinettet funna i Sveriges jord, Stockholm, 1881.

Bitkin Vladimir Bitkin, Composite Catalogue of Russian Coins, Kiev, 2003


A reference to the relevant publication of the collection of the British Museum


British Numismatic Journal.


Bull, M. The Half-Crowns of Charles I Minted in England, Scotland & Ireland 1625-1649. In five volumes. London, 2008-2010.


George C. Williamson, Trade Tokens issued in the Seventeenth Century in England, Wales and Ireland by Corporations, Merchants, Tradesmen, etc.   A New and Revised Edition of William Boyne’s Work. London, 1889 and 1891.  This was reprinted by Seaby in 1967, and the same numbering system is used in Dickinson (see below).


R.A.G. Carson, The Mint of Thetford, Numismatic Chronicle 1949, pp.189-236.


C.E. Blunt, B.H.I.H. Stewart & C.S.S. Lyon, Coinage in Tenth-Century England: From Edward the Elder to Edgar's Reform, Oxford, 1989.


Michael Dickinson, Seventeenth Century Tokens of the British Isles, London, 1986.   An updated and expanded version of Williamson’s work, but without full legends.

Dattari G. Dattari, Numi Augg. Alexandrini, Cairo, 1901.
Duplessy Jean Duplessy, Les Monnaies Françaises Royales de Hugues Capet à Louis XVI (987-1793), Paris, 1988


English Silver Coinage since 1649, 6th edition, ed. Maurice Bull, 2015.

Everson Tim Everson, Seventeenth Century Trading Tokens of Surrey and Southwark, Galata, 2015.


A. Freeman, The Moneyer and the Mint in the Reign of Edward the Confessor, 1042-1066, BAR British Series 145, 2 vols., Oxford, 1985.
Judson E. Judson, The Lives and Wills of Essex Token Issuers. Incorporating a Re-Listing of the 17th Century Trade Tokens of Essex. Little Bardfield, 1987.


Kleshchinov V.N. and Grishin I.V., Katalog russkikh srednevekovykh monet: (1) s pravleniia tsaria Ivana IV Vasil’evicha do shvedskoi okkupatsii Novgoroda (1533-1617 gg.), Moscow, 1998; (2) vremeni pravleniia tsaria Mikhaila Fedorovicha (1613-1645 gg.), Moscow, 2001; (3) vremeni pravleniia tsarei Alekseia Mikhailovicha, Fedora, Ivana i Petra Alekseevichei (1645-1696 gg.), Moscow, 2007; (4) vremeni edinolichnogo pravleniia tsaria Petra Alekseevicha (1696-1717 gg.), Moscow, 2005

KM Krause Publications, Standard Catalog of World Coins, various volumes covering the period from 1601 to date


R.P. Mack, The Coinage of Ancient Britain, 3rd edition, London, 1975.

McAlee Richard McAlee, The Coins of Roman Antioch, Lancaster/London, 2007


Mel’nikova A.S., Russkie monety ot Ivana Groznogo do Petra Pervogo, Moscow, 1989

Milne J. G. Milne, A Catalogue of the Alexandrian Coins in the Ashmolean Museum (Oxford, 1933, reprint with supplement, 1971)


H.R. Mossop, D.F.C., The Lincoln Mint c.890-1279, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1970.

Moushmov Nikola Moushmov, Античните монети на Балканския полуостров и монетите на българските царе (Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula), Sofia, 1912


Middlesex (used when referring to numbers in BW or Dickinson)

N (Norweb)

(1) Jeffrey J. North, English Hammered Coinage. Volume 1. Early Anglo-Saxon to Henry III, c.600-1272. Third revised edition, London, 1994. Volume 2. Edward I to Charles II, 1272-1662. Third revised edition, London, 1991.

(2) Sylloge of Coins of the British Isles. The Norweb Collection. Tokens of the British Isles, 1575-1750. Published in the following eight volumes:

Part I - Bedfordshire to Devon, R.H. Thompson, 1984

Part II – Dorset to Gloucestershire, R.H. Thompson, 1988

Part III – Hampshire to Lincolnshire, R.H. Thompson & M.J. Dickinson, 1992

Part IV – Norfolk to Somerset, R.H. Thompson & M.J. Dickinson, 1993.

Part V – Staffordshire to Westmorland, R.H. Thompson & M.J. Dickinson, 1996

Part VI – Wiltshire to Yorkshire, Ireland to Wales, R.H. Thompson & M.J. Dickinson, 1999

Part VII – City of London, R.H. Thompson & M.J. Dickinson, 2007

Part VIII – Middlesex and Uncertain Pieces, R.H. Thompson & M.J. Dickinson, 2011


C. Wilson Peck, English Copper, Tin and Bronze Coins in the British Museum 1558-1958, 2nd edition, London, 1964.
RCV David R. Sear, Roman Coins and their Values, Vols One to Five, Spink
RIC Roman Imperial Coinage, Vols I to X, Spink
RSC Roman Silver Coins, Vols I to V, Seaby


Standard Catalogue of British Coins. Part One.   Coins of England & the United Kingdom. Spink, London. (Appears annually).


Sylloge of Coins of the British Isles.

SCBI Brooker

J.J. North & P.J. Preston-Morley, Brooker Collection. Coins of Charles I, 1984.

SGI David R. Sear, Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values.  The Local Coinages of the Roman Empire, London, 1982.


M.B. Sharp, The Tower Shillings of Charles I and their Influence on the Aberystwyth Issue, BNJ 47 (1977), p.102.

Smith Arthur Smith, A Catalogue of the Town and Trade Tokens of Lincolnshire issued in the Seventeenth Century, Horncastle, 1931.
SNG A reference to the relevant volume of the Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum.
Varbanov Ivan Varbanov, Greek Imperial Coins, Bourgas, 2005ff.
Vlack Robert A. Vlack, An Illustrated Catalogue of the French Billon Coinage in the Americas, Colonial Coin Collectors Club, 2004